Admiralty, "EXETER" sailed from SOURABAYA at 1900/28 February, 1942, in compliance with a signal received from C.C.C.F. 3. The Exeter was badly damaged by shell fire from the Japanese cruiser Haguro in the first Battle of the Java Sea on Feb. 27, 1942, but it survived to fight in … 49. (v) During the action an attack was made on the enemy cruisers by land based bombers from SOURABAYA, and several bomb splashes were observed. All power in the ship failed shortly afterwards, and with it the whole of the Main armament and also the secondary armament control. In addition to the textual extract, a number of photos of said damage are also included. Exeter's six eight-inch guns were mainly responsible for seriously damaging the Admiral Graf Spee in the Battle of the River Plate in December 1939. The complete A.P. Firing on both sides was necessarily intermittent, targets being engaged by "EXETER" whenever seen clear of smoke, and it was seldom that it was possible to spot on more than four to five salvos. There was now no possibility of saving the ship and to ensure that she should not fall into the hands of the enemy the order was given to sink the ship and a few minutes later, estimated at about 1135, to abandon ship. Telegraphist NEWMAN, in charge of "EXETERS" W/T department, may throw some light on the difficulties of enemy reporting in this area at this time. HMS Exeter fought in the Falklands War and the first Gulf War and was scrapped in 2009. 47. 7. Exeter not put out of action fired 95 and 82 rounds per gun. I have the honour to submit the following report on the circumstances and actions which occurred between 25th February, 1942, and 1st March, 1942, culminating in the loss of H.M.S. British material proved most satisfactory. 25. Course was first set to the Eastward (085 degrees) to intercept any attempted landing on MADURA ISLAND and was reversed at 0100/27 to 270 degrees. 12. It had been intended to alter course to 290 degrees at 0400, but shortly before this three ships, two large and one smaller, were sighted to the Westward in the light of the setting moon distant about 10 miles, steering to the S.S.W. The fire of the enemy’s 11 inch guns at a range of 13 miles was very accurate; this emphasises the necessity of zigzagging (speed permitting) to throw out the enemy’s ranged plot. Shortly after daylight enemy reconnaissance aircraft located the force and during the forenoon minor bombing attacks were experienced, mostly by single aircraft, and without damage to the Allied force. (i) Destroyer mentioned in para. Spotting by aircraft from H.M.S. The main armament reporting that this cruiser was now within gun range, EXETER opened fire at approximately 27,000 yards, this being outside DE RUYTERS's extreme range. (b) Cruising formation and destroyer screening. Achilles after concentration ceased. THOMAS0N in the Remote control office on the wave frequency used by ship to shore, H.M.S. Fire was opened at extreme range and the first splashes were not seen. By the end, despite both side being unhappy with their accuracy, Exeter had all of her main armament knocked out with significant other damage and the light cruiser had lesser injuries but still were not at full operating ability with main guns out of commission. The 8-inch mounting proved its worth by the fact that the only turret in H.M.S. The group that e… Ajax from those of H.M.S. Captain, Royal Navy. After clearing SOURABAYA minefields the destroyers were ordered to take up screening diagram Number 2A and shortly before midnight steam was available in the two additional boilers. (b) After return to SOURABAYA information was received that aircraft had reported a Japanese 8 inch cruiser on fire. Ron served in HMS Exeter in the historic battle and his account is graphic and accurate. 46. Rate of Fire 5 shots/min. The first part of the night 28/lst passed without incident. At this time these were the only enemy ships in sight. O.L. The only other incident during the return to SOURABAYA was the sighting of starshell some distance away to the Northwest. Third Upgrades Full Barrage I→II / Torpedo Efficiency +15% (Retrofit) Giant Hunter CN: 巨兽猎手 JP: 大物狩り: Increase damage dealt to heavy cruisers by 15% (25%). "EXETER" worked gradually to the Southward and westward through East finally steering 260 degrees. Some ten minutes later a very heavy explosion was observed starboard side amidships, the column of water from this explosion being higher than the masts. I had informed Rear Admiral PALLISER that the Dutch Rear Admiral, Commanding SOURABAYA Naval Base, had recommended to me that, in view of the large concentration of Japanese naval forces in the JAVA SEA, it would be wiser to await developments before sailing. The latter with tail damage was shown to the Director Gunner of "EXETER". 6. The gunnery officer of U.S.S. ST, British cruiser Exeter, tier V Hit points – 29 400. Course was immediately reversed and it was thought possible that, with the advantage of light, "EXETER" had not been sighted. This and the repair work after the action on 27th February reflects much credit on the engine Room Department. Battle damage to HMS Exeter following the Battle of the River Plate[220 × 165] Close. It was found that hits on the Admiral Graf Spee were rarely observed from the control, but splashes of our 8-inch shell could be distinguished from those of 6-inch with ease. 45. As a result of her final speed of 26 knots the ship still had slight headway when abandoned and without doubt this was instrumental in reducing casualties, since the water around the ship was alive with splashes from the enemy gunfire. 39. "EXETER"'s speed at this time was 23 knots on four out of the eight boilers, but shortly afterwards the Engineer Officer reported that he believed that steam could be raised in one more boiler in B boiler room, and this boiler be connected, in about an hour. The last ship with the name was a Trawler hire for use as a minesweeper during WW1. Reload time - 12.0 s. 180 degree turn time - 22.5 s. Maximum dispersion - 131 м. (d) Method of attack if enemy forces, and in particular an enemy cenvoy, were met. HMS EXETER, the second of two York Class heavy cruisers, was launched in 1929. camp the navigating officer of the first SENDAI class cruiser engaged by "EXETER" visited the camp. The most powerful ship in the Battle of the River Plate was the Admiral Graf Spee, a German Deutschland-class pocket battleship commanded by Captain Langsdorff. Throughout the action the enemy had spotting aircraft up consisting of single float seaplanes and one large type monoplane was also seen. (i) No signals were intercepted from "PERTH" or "HOUSTON" to indicate the presence of Japanese surface forces in the vicinity of SUNDA STRAIT, nor was any information concerning enemy forces received after sailing from SOURABAYA p.m. 28th February. EXETER started to haul out of the line gradually to port simultaneously with the development of torpedo attack by the enemy destroyers lead by the one remaining four funnel cruiser. There was however no indication of this on the R.D/F screen nor was any aircraft sighted until action was subsequently joined. Updated 07-May-2014. More than three and a half years has elapsed since the events covered by this report took place, but the essential points were recorded within three weeks of that time and have been most carefully preserved throughout my captivity by such devices as concealment in a large empty shaving cream tube and similar subterfuges, causing me considerable concern during frequent searches by the Japanese. No difficulty was found in observation, but casualties and damage prevented the report being received in the former. In this battle, Exeter also incurred severe damage from seven hits by eleven-inch shells and suffered 61 killed and 23 wounded. 9. ‘The fire of the enemy’s 11 inch guns at a range of 13 miles was very accurate; this emphasises the necessity of zigzagging (speed permitting) to throw out the enemy’s ranged plot. Normal | Build was completed on 23rd July 1931 at a cost of £1,837,415. The aircraft of H.M.S. The following are general remarks on the action: -. Course was altered to 000 degrees at midnight to pass some 25 miles East of BAWEAN ISLAND and at 0200 to 345 degrees. The hitting range of this cruiser was quickly found and I am convinced that hits were obtained, particularly as she was last seen disappearing in a thick high column of smoke and only one four funnel cruiser was seen subsequently. … also with some stories from 1945 (75 years ago) until September …, HM Submarine Salmon successfully attacks German cruisers, Captain Langsdorff believes he is trapped. Concentration of gunfire by His Majesty’s Ships Ajax and Achilles appeared to be effective, until terminated by temporary failure of wireless after 50 salvos had been fired. Rear Admiral DOORMAN had called a meeting of Commanding Officers for 1700 but no information of this was received until nearly that time when the British Liaison Officer attached to "DE RUYTER" arrived onboard "EXETER". Her ultimate fate was not seen because of smoke, but a Japanese officer subsequently stated that this destroyer"s stern was blown off killing 70 men. Today. The following extract from a note written after release from Japan by C.P.O. Temat poświęcony pancernikowi V tieru premium Exeter Hit Points 29,400 Main Battery 203 mm/50 BL Mk VIII3 х 2 pcs. In 1934 she was assigned to the America and West Indies Station and remained there, aside from a temporary deployment to the Mediterranean during the Abyssinian crisis of 1935–1936, until 1939. document.write("@blarg.net"); "ENCOUNTER" and "POPE" engaged the two leading destroyers. 27. 50. Plating - 13 mm. Her reason for returning to SOURABAYA was not known but was possibly to refuel, as subsequently the four American destroyers were directed by the Admiral to return to SOURABAYA for this purpose. 32. In 2016 came the sad news that HMS Exeter and other ships which constituted War Graves had been illegally salvaged. British material proved most satisfactory. Four funnel SENDAI class cruiser referred to in para. Posted by. Rear Admiral PALLISER was informed accordingly by telephone from Dutch Naval Headquarters. Prince of Wales during the Battle of the Denmark Strait on 24 May 1941. All four cruisers proved to be ten gun 8 inch cruisers of the ASHIGARA or ATAGO classes and one is believed to have been the flagship ASHIGARA. Weather conditions were as follows: Wind E.N.E. One gun destroyed and one damaged of port Pompom mounting as the result of a direct hit by a shell or part of a shell which ricocheted off the after funnel. The enemy appeared to be unaffected by this attack. Secondly, in making no attempt to press the attack home on the Exeter after she had been seriously damaged and forced to drop out of the action. During the action the enemy altered course continuously behind smokescreens generated by chemical floats. (b) While at MACASSAR P.O.W. 22. 18 this cruiser was seen to have been hit and only one 8 inch cruiser was sighted from "EXETER" during the remainder of the day action. Since all records were lost when H.M.S. If you can see this text here you should update to a newer web browser. between being hit in B boiler room and engaging the four funnel cruiser leading the torpedo attack there was sufficient time to restore the High power, check Main armanent receivers and verify ammunition remaining. Posted by 1 day ago. 11in hit and “Achilles” already had splinter damage. The enemy cruisers were disposed in pairs, one pair approximately abeam to starboard and the other on the port quarter. Does not stack with the same skill. Ratings comprising the steaming watch in B Boiler room. War grave HMS Exeter is being plundered for scrap metal and the bodies of sailors who drowned aboard her are being dumped in mass graves. An enemy report was therefore made and repeated but no acknowledgement was received. 16. The hit on this destroyer was made by "EXETER"'s main armament. cap of this projectile was recovered with the date of September 1921 stamped on it. We abandoned ship immediately after their transmission but it is almost certain that they were received by one of the three stations.". Two or three minutes later we were in battle for at 0618 Graf Spee opened fire on Exeter at about 20,000 yards with her main armament of eleven inch guns. A drastic alteration of course at the moment a salvo was fired was found to be desirable.’. I could not understand why the Admiral made no attempt to close the range. It was at this time, as "EXETER" was losing way and "ENCOUNTER" and "POPE" drew ahead, that the eneny fire became really effective. It may be well to remark here that all four serviceable boilers were on the starboard side, two in each boiler room. 35. No report from the Commanding Officer of U.S.S. Until this boiler room could be entered and thorough examination made, it was not possible to say how soon, if at all, other boilers could be put in working order. This information was acquired from The National Archives, Kew, London. Six out of the eight boilers were put out of action with the following main results:-. Part of the shell which damaged the Port Pom-pom entered the Officer's galley causing slight damage. The ship was evidently leaking oil fuel considerably, which, with a slight lop, made conditions in the water decidedly unpleasant at first. HMS Exeter in the River Thames, sailing downstream past … "EXETER" engaged the third destroyer which was hit and dropped out of line. Target was then shifted to the rear (right-hand) of the two 8 inch cruisers previously referred to. "EXETER" anchored in SOURABAYA roads just before midnight and proceeded to a berth alongside at the Naval Base at 0700/28. Highlight & Comment A 3D map showing the seabed site of HMS Exeter after the ship had been removed A 100m destroyer, HMS Electra, had also been scavenged, the report found, although a … and some distance in rear of the cruisers and destroyers previously referred to. The enemy appeared to be unaffected by this attack. The general trend of the action was Easterly with course varying between about 070 degrees and 110 degrees as alterations were made to avoid straddling or to open "A" arcs. Later information indicated that ELECTRA was last seen stopped and still in action with enemy destroyers. Anticipated courses and speeds were accordingly given to the Navigating Officer of "DE WITT", but she did not join and no information was received as to whether or not she ever left SOURABAYA. 20. The above mentioned enemy ships namely, 2 ASHIGARA or ATAGO class cruisers, 2 SENDAI class cruisers, and 12 ASASHIO class destroyers composed the enemy force during daylight on 27th February as far as could be seen from EXETER although officers from HOUSTON and PERTH subsequently stated that 6 or more enemy cruisers were present. 2.3k. "POPE", which was stationed on the starboard bow of "EXETER", informed me that onboard "POPE" they felt certain that this enemy destroyer was hit. The range was about 16,000 yards and after a few salvos the enemy turned away to the northwards under smoke. (ii) If action was joined and ships or units became separated. To sum up, the situation was as follows:-. 20 miles to the Eastward from SOURABAYA Northern entrance, thence Northward to pass Eastward of BAWEAN ISLAND, thence Northwestward and Westward and through SUNDA STRAIT to COLOMBO. 18. The Admiral then ordered EXETER to proceed to SOURABAYA. "ANKING" and an Australian station (name uncertain but may have been PORT MORESBY, I cannot recall). I endeavoured to do so myself in the hope that "DE RUYTER" would conform but this hope did not materialise. According to surviving Officers of "HOUSTON" and "PERTH" hits were obtained by "HOUSTON" on the leading enemy 8 inch cruiser, and an enemy destroyer was sunk during the torpedo attack. 30. 8. 4. "EXETER" with "PERTH", "ELECTRA", "JUPITER" and "ENCOUNTER" in company sailed from BATAVIA at 1600, 25th February, 1942, for SOURABAYA, with instructions that on arrival this force was to be under the orders of Rear Admiral DOORMAN, Eskadier Comnandant (E.C.). By this time the remainder of the Allied squadron, which, with the exception of the "KORTENAER", appeared to have suffered little if any damage, was steering to the Eastward firing intermittently and EXETER" gradually shaped course for SOURABAYA. The instructions at this meeting were necessarily brief and consisted only in Rear Admiral DOORMAN'S intentions regarding:-. No receipt was received from the above station who was calling H.M.S. YORK-Class cruiser ordered from HM Dockyard, Devonport on 15th March 1928 and laid down on 1st August that year. It is possible that this may have been the cruiser referred to in para. HMS Pickle. Torpedoes were seen approaching, one exploding in the water and another hitting and blowing up the Dutch destroyer KORTENAER, whose back was broken and who remained afloat for some minutes with bow and stern only showing. The ensuing action is difficult to describe in detail with no records available. "EXETER" under my command on the latter date. Subsequently some after underwater conpartments were found to be flooded. About the time that abandoning was completed, the ship, which had already settled appreciably with a list to port, heeled further to port to a considerable angle. (iv) The enemy made use of a nunber of spotting aircraft; these were engaged as opportunity presented. At first difficulty was experienced in identifying our own splashes until it was realised that HOUSTON was using brown splashes. 5. 7. This heavy cruiser, one of only two "York Class" heavy cruisers built, suffered major damage in the Battle of the Rio Plata against the German pocket battleship, Admiral Graf Spee. No serious fires occurred in either of the two 8-inch gun houses which sustained direct hits by 11-inch shell, and the flash tightness of both 8-inch and 6-inch mountings appears adequate. Until this damage was realised salvos fell appreciably out for line and during the remainder of the action a clock and Dumaresq had to be used while repairs were attempted. A review of the situation at about 1100 was not encouraging. These latter showered splinters, which caused many casualties and much unexpected damage; most of the bridge personnel of H.M.S. The Netherlands destroyer "DE WITT" was also directed at the last minute to accompany me but shore leave had been granted; When I sailed it was understood that she would follow at about 2100 joining me shortly after midnight. 174. One shell hoist in B turret out of action-(mechanical failure). This was not seen in "EXETER" as the destroyer was enveloped in smoke but "POPE" was in a better position to see after the enemy's turn away under smoke. (vi) Damage and casulaties sustained were as follows:-. In accordance with orders received from the Commodore Commanding China Force (C.C.C.F.) Your obedient Servant, A torpedo target at long range was presented by the two enemy cruisers an the port quarter at about 1100. From my orders and routeing I had no doubt in my mind that my object was evasion in this attempt to clear the JAVA SEA, and accordingly I turned away stern on to avoid being sighted, then worked round to the Northward and resumed course 345 degrees at about 0430. Rotation Speed 8 deg./sec. De Ruyter, HMS Exeter, and HNMS Java) and 9 destroyers, set sail to engage the enemy (Hornfischer 2006:69). The British sent several hunting parties to find her. Three days later this ship proceeded to MACASSAR where all prisoners on board her were transferred on 10th March to the Dutch military barracks which had been turned into a P.O.W. Speed was increased until subsequently the action was fought at about 27 knots. In 1934 she went out to the America and West Indies Station and remained there, with a temporary deployment to the Mediterranean during the Abyssinian crisis of 1935/36, until 1939. The second four funnel cruiser engaged turned away under smoke after about 10 salvos and was momentarily re-engaged when again seen clear of her own smoke after having made a turn of some 180 degrees. Its splinters swept the bridge, killng or wounding all the … "ELECTRA" and "EXETER" embarked pilots inside the minefields and the latter with "PERTH" in company anchored at SOURABAYA at about 1600. By 1500/28 from examination it appeared probable that two boilers in B boiler room could be got ready for steaming by about 2300/28, but that satisfactory performance of these boilers would be dependent on power trial at sea. 16. Since the start of the war, the Graf Spee had been prowling the sea lanes, attacking Allied merchant shipping. Pinterest. Initial reduction of speed to 11 knots with a subsequent maximum of 15 to 16 knots. 40. Fire was then shifted to the second four funnel cruiser. Exeter was damaged before it could be catapulted, and petrol sprayed over the ship; fortunately it did not catch on fire. It was kncwn that no support from surface forces could be expected, and it was believed that the Allied air forces would be fully employed against the Japanese invaders. She fought against the German pocket battleship Graf Spee at… At the outbreak of World War Two, EXETER was heading back to South American waters. With two boilers "EXETER"'s maximum speed was 15 to 16 knots; with four boilers it was hoped to obtain 24 knots, but 23 knots was the maximum that could be maintained subsequently. and then more slowly until the main engines had to be stopped. All Out Assault CN: 全弹发射 (ii) Destroyer mentioned in para. "Four messages were transmitted, after being coded, by P.O. This is the report by the Captain of Exeter, covering the Battle of the Java Sea, in which Exeter was sunk, and Captain O.L.Gordon RN was taken a POW by the Japanese. The vessel fought in the Falklands War and the first Gulf War, she was scrapped in 2011. The admiral now led round to port to an approximately reciprocal course presumably as an avoiding action. "ANKING", the W/T guardship at BATAVIA, who had proceeded to sea thus taking away the link with BATAVIA. Neither "EXETER" nor destroyers had yet been hit but now, despite the use of smoke (from funnel and smoke floats), salvos were falling close and snaking was necessary to avoid being hit. It was unfortunate that "EXETER's" Walrus aircraft was unserviceable as the result of blast damage sustained during frequent enemy air attacks. Their effective smoke laying was undoubtedly of great value. 2. force 2, Sea 20, Cloud two tenths, Full Moon. 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