, By the end of 2014, the city's GDP grew 9.5%, with GDP per capita reaching $5,100. Investors are still pouring money into the city. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. In mid-2007, the city's population was 6,650,942 – with the 19 inner districts home to 5,564,975 residents and the five suburban districts containing 1,085,967 inhabitants. Other ethnic minorities, include Khmer 0.34%, Cham 0.1%. In the conclusion of the Vietnam War on 30 April 1975, the city came under the control of the Vietnamese People's Army.  In 2005, the city had 4,344,000 labourers, of whom 130,000 are over the labour age norm (in Vietnam, 60 for male and 55 for female workers). However, there is a technical difference between the two terms: Sài Gòn is commonly used to refer to the city center in District 1 and the adjacent areas, while Ho Chi Minh City refers more to the entire modern city with all its urban and rural districts. Though the former schools are all public, private education is also available in Ho Chi Minh City. The statistic shows the population of Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015.  Other private universities include The Saigon International University (or SIU) is another private university run by the Group of Asian International Education. He is often credited with the expansion of Saigon into a significant settlement.  As an administrative unit, its population is also the largest at the provincial level.  To this end, the city and central governments have embarked on an effort to develop new urban centres. , The current official name, Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, adopted in 1976 and abbreviated TP.HCM, is translated as Ho Chi Minh City, abbreviated HCMC, and in French as Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville (the circumflex is sometimes omitted), abbreviated HCMV. Ho Chi Minh City covers a sizeable surface area with a total of 2,061.2 square kilometers (795.3 square miles). , The city's media is the most developed in the country. There are some parts of the tunnel system that have since fallen into disrepair, but much of it remains intact. Army Stadium was of the venues for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup finals. The next largest is Army Stadium, located near Tan Son Nhat Airport in Tân Bình district. Central location. Population. 2017 estimates from the General Statistics offices, maintain a network of tunnels beneath the city. According to the 2019 census, Ho Chi Minh City has a population of over 8.9 million within city proper and over 21 million within the metropolitan area. In December 2007, Phu My Hung's new City Centre completed the 17.8 km 10–14 lane wide Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard linking the Saigon port areas, Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone to the National Highway 1 and the Mekong Delta area.  The city is also home to most of the private film companies in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City is a municipality at the same level as Vietnam's provinces, which is subdivided into 22 district-level sub-divisions (as of 2020): They are further subdivided into 5 commune-level towns (or townlets), 58 communes, and 249 wards (as of 2020[update], see List of HCMC administrative units below). Beginning in the early 17th century, colonization of the area by Vietnamese settlers gradually isolated the Khmer of the Mekong Delta from their brethren in Cambodia proper and resulted in their becoming a minority in the delta. February is arguably the best time to visit Ho Chi Minh City. Several other sports are represented by teams in the city, such as volleyball, basketball, chess, athletics, and table tennis. Lifestyle in Ho Chi Minh City HCMC has a population of about 9 million people, a number equaled by the number of motorbikes. Ho Chi Minh City's 2020 population is now estimated at 8,602,317. You can also book motorcycle and car taxis through ride-hailing apps like Grab and GoJek. However, rail transport is not fully developed and presently comprises only 0.6% of passenger traffic and 6% of goods shipments.. "Yearbook of the Encyclopedia Americana (2006)", p. 175. The total population of Ho Chi Minh city accounts for 8.34% of all inhabitants of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City's 2020 population is now estimated at 8,602,317. Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) is expected to need an additional 160,000 social housing apartments in the next decade to meet its rising population and demand for affordable housing, according to the city’s Department of Construction. In 2007, Ho Chi Minh City's contribution to the annual revenues in the national budget increased by 30 percent, accounting for about 20.5 percent of total revenues.  The 1,400 bed Chợ Rẫy Hospital, upgraded by Japanese aid and the French-sponsored Institute of Cardiology and City International Hospital are among the top medical facilities in the South-East Asia region. One of the city's largest clubs, Ho Chi Minh City F.C., is based at Thống Nhất Stadium. In addition, there are several smaller stations such as Dĩ An, Thủ Đức, Bình Triệu, Gò Vấp. On April 30, 1975, North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon, and the city was subsequently renamed Ho Chi Minh City. The state-owned sector makes up 33.3% of the economy, the private sector 4.6%, and the remainder in foreign investment. The only city to come close to the overall population of Ho Chi Minh city is the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, which has a population of 6.4 million and a population density of 5,000 per square mile.  Generally, the term Saigon refers only to the urban districts of Ho Chi Minh City. Clean rooms, superb breakfast.  In 1956, after South Vietnam's independence from France in 1955, the région of Saïgon–Cholon became a single city called Saïgon following the merger of the two cities of Saïgon and Cholon. The team currently plays in Vietnam's First Division. Saigon had, in 1929, a population of 123,890, including 12,100 French.. Cholon – in District 5 and parts of Districts 6, 10 and 11 – is home to the largest Chinese community in Vietnam. The two most prominent projects are the Thu Thiem city centre in District 2 and the Phu My Hung Urban Area, a new city centre in District 7 (as part of the Saigon South project) where various international schools such as Saigon South International School and Australia's Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology are located. , The Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee is a 13-member executive branch of the city. The Ho Chi Minh City Metro, a rapid transit network, is being built in stages. Under communist control, Ho Chi Minh City lost its administrative functions, and strenuous efforts were made to reduce its population and dependence upon foreign imports and to nationalize its commercial enterprises.  Unlike other theatrical organisations found in Vietnam's provinces and municipalities, residents of Ho Chi Minh City keep their theatres active without the support of subsidies from the Vietnamese government. 33.33% lower population density It combines a common Vietnamese surname (Hồ, 胡) with a given name meaning "enlightened will" (from Sino-Vietnamese 志 明; Chí meaning 'will' or 'spirit', and Minh meaning 'light'), in essence, meaning "light bringer". The current Chairwoman is Nguyễn Thị Lệ. The actual population (including those who have not officially registered) was estimated 13 million in 2017. Vietnam is a large country with a population of almost 93 million people. The city's center has some wide American-style boulevards and a few French colonial buildings. The current secretary is Nguyễn Thiện Nhân. The city's location on the Saigon River makes it a bustling commercial and passenger port; besides a constant stream of cargo ships, passenger boats operate regularly between Ho Chi Minh City and various destinations in Southern Vietnam and Cambodia, including Vũng Tàu, Cần Thơ and the Mekong Delta, and Phnom Penh. , Colonized by France in 1859, and ceded to France by the 1862 Treaty of Saigon, the city was influenced by the French during their colonisation of Vietnam, and a number of classical Western-style buildings and French villas in the city reflect this. The Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area, a metropolitan area covering most parts of the southeast region plus Tiền Giang Province and Long An Province under planning, will have an area of 30,000 square kilometres (12,000 sq mi) with a population of 20 million inhabitants by 2020. Ho Chi Minh City’s largest minority ethnic group are the Chinese (Hoa) with 5.78%. More than fifty banks with hundreds of branches and about 20 insurance companies are also located inside the city. Ho Chi Minh City may not seem as though it would be very diverse in terms of religion, but with 50% of the inhabitants actively practicing the teachings of Buddhism, there is plenty of room for other religious faiths. Tuition at RMIT is about US$40,000 for an entire course of study. Motorbikes remain the most common way to move around the city. The population of the districts and communes (wards, townships and rural communes) of Ho Chi Minh City Municipality according to the last census. The majority of these tourist spots are located in District 1 and are a short distance from each other. Cholon – in District 5 and parts of Districts 6, 10 and 11 – is home to the largest Chinese community in Vietnam. Internet coverage, especially through ADSL connections, is rapidly expanding, with over 2,200,000 subscribers and around 5.5 million frequent users. , On December 9th 2020 it was announced that District 2, District 9 and Thủ Đức District would be consolidated and was approved by Standing Committee of the National Assembly. The average high temperature in February is 91 degrees F, but humidity hovers around 70 percent—relatively low for Ho Chi Minh City. The district is divided into 11 small subsets which are called wards. In 2011, Ho Chi Minh City was awarded an expansion team for the ASEAN Basketball League. 5.1°C higher average maximum temperature? 33.1°C vs 23.4°C  The city is an emerging international tourist destination, with popular landmarks related to the remnants of its colonial past showcased through colonial architecture. Prey means forest or jungle, and nokor is a Khmer word of Sanskrit origin meaning city or kingdom, and related to the English word 'Nation' – thus, "forest city" or "forest kingdom". However, the former name Saigon is still widely used by the Vietnamese, especially in informal contexts. [nb 5], Truong Mealy (former director of King Norodom Sihanouk's royal Cabinet), says that, according to a Khmer Chronicle, The Collection of the Council of the Kingdom, Prey Nokor's proper name was Preah Reach Nokor (Khmer: ព្រះរាជនគរ), "Royal City"; later locally corrupted to "Prey kor", meaning "kapok forest", from which "Saigon" was derived ("kor" meaning "kapok" in Khmer and Cham, going into Vietnamese as "gòn"). Description: Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), commonly known by its previous name, Saigon, (Vietnamese: Sài Gòn), is the most populous and largest city of Vietnam. Some of the larger shopping malls and plazas opened recently include: In 2007, three million foreign tourists, about 70% of the total number of tourists to Vietnam, visited the city. at Kampong Saom and Kep. The Hoa (Chinese) speak a number of varieties of Chinese, including Cantonese, Teochew (Chaozhou), Hokkien, Hainanese and Hakka; smaller numbers also speak Mandarin Chinese. known as Prey Nokor (Khmer: ព្រៃនគរ), it is One of the most notable is RMIT International University Vietnam, a campus of Australian public research RMIT University with an enrollment of about 6,000 students. In time, Prey Nokor became known as Saigon. Quang Trung Software Park is a software park situated in District 12. 1950 1,213,000. An alternative name was Preah Reach Nokor which, according to a Khmer Chronicle, meant "Royal City". Export – Import Turnover through HCMC ports accounted for $36 billion, or 40% of the national total, of which export revenue reached $18.3 billion (40% of Vietnam's total export revenues). 78.89% lower population density ... How does Ho Chi Minh City compare to Hanoi? According to the most recent international tourist statistic, Ho Chi Minh City welcomed 6 million tourists in 2017. The government has called out motorcycles as the reason for the congestion and has developed plans to reduce the number of motorcycles and to improve public transport.. The population of Ho Chi Minh City, as of the 1 October 2004 census, was 6,117,251 (of which 19 inner districts had 5,140,412 residents and 5 suburban districts had 976,839 inhabitants). How does Ho Chi Minh City compare to Mexico City?  The city's population is expected to grow to 13.9 million by 2025. The percentage of Facebook users among a whole city population indicates how familiar are city’s inhabitants with web 2.0 and shows how popular the social media are. A large Vauban citadel called Gia Định was built by Victor Olivier de Puymanel, one of the Nguyễn Ánh's French mercenaries. , The current name, Ho Chi Minh City, was given after reunification in 1976 to honor Ho Chi Minh. The population density states that 4,097 individuals are residing per square kilometer (approximately 10,610 residents per square mile) within the city. Ho Chi Minh City is one of these cities and has a well-developed infrastructure of tunnels beneath the city that were used during the various wars to transport soldiers and goods safely. In its report about arrangement of administrative units at commune and district levels in the 2019-2021 period and establishment of Thu Duc District, the Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee said that most wards in the city do not meet the standards on natural area according to the National Assembly Standing Committee’s resolution 1211/2016 as they are thickly populated. software park inside Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone in District 7 of the city, Ho Chi Minh City aims to become an important hi-tech city in the country and the South-East Asia region. According to that census, the population of Ho Chi Minh City stood at 7,521,130 people. The current … Ho Chi Minh City has seen many name changes in its history! Source 1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology, Satramart – 460 3/2 Street, Ward 12, District 10, SC VivoCity (2015) – 1058 Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard, Tan Phong Ward, District 7, Zen Plaza (1995) – 54–56 Nguyễn Trãi St, District 1, Co.opmart – Multiple locations (District 1, District 3, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 10, District 11, District 12, Binh Chanh District, Binh Tan District, Binh Thanh District, Cu Chi District, Go Vap District, Hoc Mon District, Phu Nhuan District, Tan Phu District, and Thu Duc District), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 10:00. It seems as if all of them are on the streets at some point during the day. , Ho Chi Minh City is considered one of the cities most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, in particular flooding. Population of Ho Chi Minh city In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam is - 7 955 000 people. Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh;[nb 1] French: Hô Chi Minh-Ville) commonly known by its previous name, Saigon, (Vietnamese: Sài Gòn;[nb 2] French: Saïgon) is the most populous and largest city of Vietnam. There is a sizeable community of Roman Catholics, representing about 10% of the city's population. For the last few years, cars have become more popular. Ho Chi Minh City is located in the south-eastern region of Vietnam, 1,760 km (1,090 mi) south of Hanoi. 13.2°C higher average maximum temperature? In addition to the above public universities, Ho Chi Minh City is also home to several private universities. , It was approximated that 4.3 million tourists visited Vietnam in 2007, of which 70 percent, approximately 3 million tourists, visited Ho Chi Minh City. Humidity and rainfall are at their lowest levels for the year, while temperatures haven’t yet reached their hottest. The main means of transport within the city are motorbikes, cars, buses, taxis, and bicycles. Most Vietnamese and Han Chinese are strongly influenced by these traditional religious practices. There are several vice chairmen and chairwomen on the committee with responsibility over various city departments. The city has more than two million fixed telephones and about fifteen million cellular phones (the latter growing annually by 20%). Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) (previously known as Saigon) is the most populated city of Vietnam.  Notable universities include Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, with 50,000 students distributed among six schools; The University of Technology (Vietnamese: Đại học Bách khoa, formerly Phú Thọ National Center of Technology); The University of Sciences (formerly Saigon College of Sciences); The University of Social Sciences and Humanities (formerly Saigon College of Letters); The International University; The University of Economics and Law; and the newly established University of Information Technology. Some other important higher education establishments include HCMC University of Pedagogy, University of Economics, University of Architecture, Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, Nong Lam University (formerly University of Agriculture and Forestry), University of Law, University of Technical Education, University of Banking, University of Industry, Open University, University of Sports and Physical Education, University of Fine Arts, University of Culture, the Conservatory of Music, the Saigon Institute of Technology, Văn Lang University, Saigon University and Hoa Sen University. District One Ho Chi Minh City is …  Other minority groups include Hòa Hảo, Cao Đài, Protestants, Muslims, Hindus, and members of the Baháʼí Faith. The result of the 2009 Census shows that the city's population was 7,162,864 people, about 8.34% of the total population of Vietnam, making it the highest population-concentrated city in the country. , According to Mastercard's 2019 report, Ho Chi Minh City is also the country's second most visited city (18th in Asia Pacific), with 4.1 million overnight international visitors in 2018 (after Hanoi with 4.8 million visitors). The permanent deputy secretary of the Communist Party is ranked second in the city politics after the Secretary of the Communist Party, while chairman of the People's Committee is ranked third and the chairman of the People's Council is ranked fourth. In 1976, the government of a unified Vietnam renamed Saigon to its current official name in honour of the communist leader Hồ Chí Minh. Former Emperor Bảo Đại made Saigon the capital of the State of Vietnam in 1949 with himself as head of state.  In 2010, the city's GDP was estimated at $20.902 billion, or about $2,800 per capita, up 11.8 percent from 2009.  Increasing waves of Vietnamese settlers, which the Cambodian kingdom could not impede because it was weakened by war with Thailand, slowly Vietnamized the area. The average elevation is 19 metres (62 ft) above sea level. Answer: Ho Chi Minh City (TP. In 2015, the population of Ho Chi Minh City amounted to about 11.78 million inhabitants, showing an … The unemployment rating in Ho Chi Minh City is currently 5.45%, which is remarkably low compared to other cities throughout the world that maintain a much higher rating, sometimes into double digits. (212) 419-8286. firstname.lastname@example.org.  A once-in-100 year flood would cause 23% of the city to flood.. , The city has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical savanna climate, with an average humidity of 78–82%. Originally called Prey Nokor ("Forest City") or Preah Reach… The name commemorates Ho Chi Minh, the first leader of North Vietnam. , In 2013, GDP of the city grew 7.6% by Q1, 8.1% by Q2, and 10.3% by the end of Q3. Many cities throughout the world maintain a network of tunnels beneath the city. The district covers an area of 53.0 km². Ho Chi Minh City is an economic and financial centre, and plays an important role in the country's cultural and scientific developments. Higher education in Ho Chi Minh City is a burgeoning industry; the city boasts over 80 universities and colleges with a total of over 400,000 students. Source: Socialbakers, 2020.  A settlement called Baigaur was established on the site in the 11th century by the Champa.  When the Cham Empire was invaded by the Khmer people, Baigaur was renamed Prey Nokor, which meant "Forest City". Due to its history, artworks have generally been inspired by both Western and Eastern styles.  In 2007, the city received over 400 FDI projects worth $3 billion. The first line is under construction, and expected to be completed by the end of 2021. How does Hanoi compare to Ho Chi Minh City? The citadel was later destroyed by the French following the Battle of Kỳ Hòa (see Citadel of Saigon).  This first line will connect Bến Thành to Suối Tiên Park in District 9, with a depot in Long Binh. The health care system of the city is relatively developed with a chain of about 100 government owned hospitals or medical centres and dozens of privately owned clinics. Intel has invested about 1 billion dollars in a factory in the city. [nb 3]  Within the city, the two main stations are Sóng Thần and Sài Gòn. 28.7°C vs 16.4°C; 83.74$ cheaper monthly public transport ticket ... How does Tokyo compare to Ho Chi Minh City? How does Ho Chi Minh City compare to Seoul? The Stock Exchange, the first stock exchange in Vietnam, was opened in 2001. The cities with the lowest unemployment rates tend to have better opportunities for residents as well as those looking to move into the city. Following the death of Franklin Roosevelt and the abandonment of anti-colonialist policies, the U.S. (in an attempt to control the spread of communism) supported France in regaining its control over the country, with effective control spanning mostly in the Southern half and parts of the Red River Delta region like Hanoi, Haiphong and Thái Bình.. This policy dialogue paper focuses on two main challenges that Ho Chi Minh City currently faces in managing the rapid transformation of its urban landscape and population structure: traffic congestion and the Ho Chi Minh City is the economic center of Vietnam and accounts for a large proportion of the economy of Vietnam. Traffic between Ho Chi Minh City and Vietnam's southern provinces has steadily increased over the years; the Doi and Te Canals, the main routes to the Mekong Delta, receive 100,000 waterway vehicles every year, representing around 13 million tons of cargo. The majority of the population are ethnic Vietnamese (Kinh) at about 93.52%. The current population of Ho Chi Minh City is difficult to determine as the most recent census was performed in 2009. The Saigon Zoo and Botanical Gardens, in District 1, dates from 1865. , In 2007, the city's GDP was estimated at $14.3 billion, or about $2,180 per capita, up 12.6 percent from 2006 and accounting for 20% of the country's GDP.  Saïgon and Cholon, meanwhile, remained separate cities with their respective mayors and municipal councils. In November 2008, a brand new trade centre, Saigon Exhibition and Convention Centre, also opened its doors. 33.1°C vs 28°C; 3.9°C higher average temperature? Ho Chi Minh City is home to a number of association football clubs. "Expansion of Saigon – Tan Son Nhat International Airport on". The Viet Minh proclaimed the independence of Vietnam in 1945 after a combined occupation by Vichy France and Japan, and before the Communist revolution in China. High school consists of grade 10–12 (sophomore, junior, and senior)..  The largest stadium in the city is the 25,000-seat Thống Nhất Stadium, located on Đào Duy Từ Street, in Ward 6 of District 10. In 1950, the population of Ho Chi Minh City was 1,213,224. The whole of Vietnam has proven to be resilient in this respect. Ho Chi Minh City Urban Area Population History. Ho Chi Minh City, commonly known by its previous name, Saigon, is the most populous city in Vietnam with a population of 9 million as of 2019.  The rainy season, with an average rainfall of about 1,800 millimetres (71 in) annually (about 150 rainy days per year), usually lasts from May to November.  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